Open Letter to Phil Scott The Future of Vermont Agriculture

December 6, 2016


Honorable Phil Scott


State of Vermont


Dear Governor-Elect Scott,

Congratulations on your victory. We share your interest in getting right to work in addressing Vermont’s economic woes and we believe agriculture deserves our immediate attention.

Specifically, we are deeply concerned about the dire economic conditions that continue to face Vermont’s conventional dairy producers and their families and the impact this is having on the economy, the working landscape, farmers and farm workers, the environment, and our rural communities. These are hardworking families and your leadership is needed to address what we believe requires a bold, new economic model that will result in a viable dairy sector in Vermont that lives up to our ideals and solves many of our farm-related issues.

Sadly, the economic plight of our dairy farmers is nothing new. It’s been a decades-long downward spiral, fueled by an exploitative commodity pricing system that has pushed thousands of farm families off the land and dictated a “get big or get out” style of farming. Currently, Vermont’s conventional, non-organic dairy producers are getting paid less than it costs them to produce their milk -- an economic travesty that is not only forcing farms out of business but is also giving rise to a host of ecological, worker justice, and animal welfare issues.

Worse, the forecast for commodity-priced dairy continues to predict little more than economic devastation for Vermont’s conventional dairy farmers. Farm Credit East, a major lender to dairy farmers in the Northeast, recently made this ominous warning: “Hoping for a three year cycle to lift farm profits is not a viable business strategy today.” Moreover, relying on the federal government to fix this system is neither realistic nor practical based on historical evidence.

The focus on producing cheap, commodity milk isn’t just a failure for Vermont’s farm economy, it’s also directly responsible for the following related issues:


  • Nearly half of Vermont’s water quality woes, according to research, are the result of conventional dairy farming over time. This includes the designation of dozens of our waterways, most notably our beloved Lake Champlain, as “impaired.”
  • The use of GMO-derived feed, toxic pesticides, and climate-threatening, nitrogen-based fertilizers have dramatically increased over time as well under the current conventional dairying model, giving rise to consumer concerns, ecological damage, and threats to human health.
  • Farmers and farm workers, an increasing number of whom are migrant workers, are in some cases being forced to work in difficult, largely unregulated conditions, leading to social and worker justice issues that conflict with Vermont values.
  • While per cow milk production on conventional farms has risen by over 300 percent in the last several decades, this is burning the cows out, requiring increased use of pharmaceuticals and sending them to slaughter, on average, before the age of six.

But it doesn’t have to be this way. Change has been a constant in Vermont’s rich agricultural history, and the change has always been driven by economic factors as well as consumer needs. Much like when Vermont’s Merino sheep industry collapsed in the 1840s because of fierce competition from the West, our conventional dairy industry in Vermont is collapsing. And whistling past its graveyard is not a solution -- not for the farmers, the farm workers, the consumers, the cows, or the environment.

We have a plan to fix it. And it’s as bold as it’s required to be given the importance of Vermont’s dairy industry to our heritage, our values, our working landscape, jobs, tourism, and our brand identity. 

We, the undersigned Vermonters, are calling on you, our newly elected governor, to work with us, with dairy industry leaders, and others to support and facilitate the necessary statewide transition to regenerative and organic dairy production. This transition must go hand in hand with market demand, so that farmers can receive a higher – and more stable – price. More than 200 of Vermont’s dairy farms have already made this transition, reaping the economic benefits and putting into place the agricultural practices that protect water quality and the environment, keep cows on pasture, build healthy soils to sequester carbon, reject GMOs and toxic pesticides, and honor Vermont’s values and brand identity.

We can’t make as much cheap milk as they do in the West and Midwest, but we can make better milk. It’s not only what today’s consumers are seeking in the marketplace, it’s how Vermont agriculture has branded itself over time – a farming model that enables farmers to make a living while protecting our valuable natural resources.

We believe there are many tools available, including public and private programs already in place, to assist conventional dairy farmers in the transition to the proven regenerative organic model. It will not occur overnight we understand, but it must be started now. And the first step must be to convince the large dairy buyers like Ben & Jerry’s and Cabot Creamery that have built their brand upon the backs of the conventional dairy farmers to step up to the plate and stop participating in a model that pays their farmers less than it costs to produce the milk in their highly-profitable products. We have to change the economic formula. It’s time for Vermont’s farmers to reap the benefits of farm products that are tied to what consumers are seeking today.

We are ready to meet with you and members of your leadership team to discuss our plan to improve Vermont’s agricultural economy. Vermont agriculture can and should be seen as a solution to – not a cause of – our economic and environmental problems.  It will require all of us to work together for this bold and needed change.




Roger Allbee

Former Secretary of Agriculture

State of Vermont


Will Allen, Kate Duesterberg, Michael Colby

Regeneration Vermont


James Ehlers

Lake Champlain International


Chris Kilian

Conservation Law Foundation


Enid Wonnacott

NOFA Vermont


Paul Burns

Vermont Public Interest Research Group (VPIRG)


Crea Lintilhac

Lintilhac Foundation


Annette Smith

Vermonters for a Clean Environment


Jack and Anne Lazor

Butterworks Farm


Jen Kimmich

The Alchemist Brewery


Margo Baldwin

Chelsea Green Publishing


Mark Nelson, Robb Kidd

Sierra Club (Vermont Chapter)


Philip Ackerman-Leist

Professor, Green Mountain College


Laurie Ristino

Director, Center for Agriculture and Food Systems, Vermont Law School

(signing in her personal capacity, not as a representative of Vermont Law School.)


Jesse McDougal

Studio Hill Farm


Seth Itzkan

Co-founder, Soil4Climate


Tom Newmark

Former CEO, New Chapter, Inc.

Co-Founder, The Carbon Underground


Larry Kopald

Co-Founder, The Carbon Underground



* Organizations and businesses are listed for identification purposes only.